Colloque – Crusading and the Crusader Movement in the Peripheries of the Christian West 1100–1500

Veranstaltungsort : Herder-Institut für historische Ostmitteleuropaforschung
Veranstalter : Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Abteilung für Osteuropäische Geschichte, Kiel, Germany; Herder-Institut für historische Ostmitteleuropaforschung, Marburg, Germany; University of Ostrava, Department of History, Faculty of Arts, in cooperation with the Centre for the Research of Medieval Society and Culture VIVARIUM, Ostrava, Czech Republic
Datum : 05.10.2017 – 07.10.2017

There is a long history of research on the medieval crusades, their historical concepts, their course, and their social and regional range. For a long time, however, West European (and especially Ger-man) medieval studies followed conceptual approaches, which closely followed the 19th Century understanding of the classical age of the Levant crusades between 1096 and 1291, and therefore regarded the period of the crusades in a very narrow sense (cf. Jaspert/Tebruck 2016). Thereby, the phenomenon of the crusader movement is limited temporally to the High Middle Ages and, spatially, to the crusades of the French, English, Italian and German crusaders into the Holy Land and the Eastern Mediterranean. However, for contemporaries, the term crusade had a much broader range than the description of the military campaigns for the protection or rather the reconquest of Christianity’s sacred sites in the Holy Land. With the term cruciatae the Popes also legitimated armed endeavours outside of the Levant. With only a few exceptions, these latter campaigns have only received limited attention in Western studies of the crusades (Housley 2017, Murray 2014, Fonnesberg-Schmidt 2007). In recent years, however, new insights have been made into the crusading movement in Poland (Gładysz 2014).

Already during the planning of the Second Crusade 1146/47, the Saxon princes (especially Henry the Lion and Albert the Bear) could achieve a theological justification for the planed military campaigns into Slavic areas of settlement between the Elbe and Oder rivers and a comparison with the simultaneous crusade into the Holy Land by Bernard of Clairvaux. The so-called “Preußen- and Litauerfahrten” of the Teutonic Order, which enjoyed great popularity among the European nobility from the 13th century onwards (one need only think of the Prussian campaigns of the Bohemian king Ottokar II), also gained their legitimation as crusades from the Holy See. The same applied to military conflicts with the Mongols and Tatars, the Ruthenes and Muscovites or the Orthodox peoples of Southeastern Europe.

All in all, it appears that the crusade term as a legitimating concept of the bellum iustum gained cur-rency from the 11th century onwards everywhere at the peripheries of the Christian West: The Re-conquista on the Iberian peninsula, i. e. the reconquest of the once Christian territories from the Muslim Moors, as well as the theatres of war in the northeast of the European continent – the so-called “Northern Crusades” of the Danes and Swedes – were marked as crusades. As was the case with the crusades into the Levant, crusade bulls were issued by the Papacy for the campaigns against the Moors, against the Prussian, Lithuanian and Finnish pagans, against the Orthodox “schismatics” or the Monogol-Tatar infideles, and Western Christianity was called upon to take the Cross.

The planned conference seeks to take a comparative look at these peripheral phenomena and to contribute a new accentuation of the comprehension of the crusader movement to regionally-focussed research in this area. The following interests and approaches should be taken into consid-eration here:

  • Which military campaigns were propagated as crusades in the peripheries of the Christian West?
  • What efforts were made to gain recognition for them as crusades and what effects did these have?
  • Which values did the crusader movement have for the societies at the fines christianitatis?
  • What role did the cruciatae have for the strengthening of an all-Western sense of togetherness and solidarity, and what role did they have for creation of a crusader and frontier identity?
  • How, in concrete terms, was the crusade rhetoric reflected in the culture, writings and language of the appropriate countries?
  • Further research desiderata, which have not yet been comparatively contrasted, are the interde-pendencies, parallels as well as differences between the crusades in the peripheries of Latin Christianity.

Programme :

Thursday 5th October

09.00 Welcome and Introduction
09.30 Norbert Kersken (Marburg) – German and Polish Crusaders against the Polabian Slavs
10.15 Oliver Auge (Kiel) – The Conquest of Rügen Island 1168 – a Danish Crusade?
11.00 Coffee Break

11.15 Jens E. Olesen (Greifswald) – The Swedish Crusades towards Finland from a Baltic Perspective
12.00 Christian Krötzl (Tampere) – Crusades, Mission and the Cult of Saints in the Eastern Baltic
12.45 Lunch Break

13.45 Iben Fonnesberg-Schmidt (Aalborg) – Papal Curia’s Perception of Crusading in the Baltic Region
14.30 Robert Antonin (Ostrava) – The Crusade and anti-Pagan Rhetoric in the Foreign Policy and Propaganda of the Last Přemyslids
15.15 Dalibor Janiš (Ostrava) – The Lords of Cimburg and the Crusades to Prussia in the 14th and 15th Centuries
16.00 Coffee Break

16.15 Georg Strack (Munich) – Tarragona or Jerusalem? Pope Urban II and the Target(s) of the Early Crusaders
17.00 Paul Srodecki (Kiel/Ostrava) – Andrés Dias de Escobar and the Ideological Parallels between the Iberian Reconquista and the « Reisen » of the Teutonic Order
17.45 Klaus Herbers (Erlangen) – Kreuzzug und Missionierung – Portugals Aufbruch in neue Welten im 15. Jahrhundert
18.30 Coffee Break

18.45 Key lecture, Norman Housley (Leicester) – Communication between Centre and Periphery in Fifteenth Century Crusading

Friday 6th October

09.00 Alan V. Murray (Leeds) – Chivalry and Internationalism in the Crusading Movement after 1291
09.45 Darius von Güttner-Sporzynski (Melbourne) – Was the Periphery Reluctant in Accepting the Idea of Crusade? The Case of Poland under the Piast Dynasty
10.30 Coffee Break

10.45 Andrzej Marzec (Cracow) – Infideles et perfidi schismatici. Crusades and Christianization as Political Tools in the Hands of Polish Kings in the 14th century
11.30 Sven Jaros (Leipzig) – Against Tatari, Rutheni et Litfani, hostes fidei. Role and Ambivalence of the Crusading Idea Concerning the Polish Integration of Ruthenia in the 2nd Half of the 14th Century
12.15 Adam Szweda (Toruń) – Die Kreuzzugsidee als Gegenstand der Beziehungen zwischen Polen und dem Deutschen Orden nach 1466
13.00 Lunch Break

14.00 Sergey Polekhov (Moscow) – Zwischen Kreuzzügen und Bündnissen: Die Politik des Großfürsten Witolds von Litauen (1392–1430) gegen die östlichen Nachbarn
14.45 Darius Baronas (Vilnius) – Lithuanian Participation in the Crusading Movement in the Long Fifteenth Century
15.30 Rimvydas Petrauskas (Vilnius) – Ziel- oder Ausgangsort? Das Großfürstentum Litauen als verlängerter Arm der Kreuzzugsbewegung vom Ende des 14. bis zum Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts
16.15 Coffee Break

16.30 Nora Berend (Cambridge) – The Centrality of the Crusading Periphery: Hungarian Rhetoric about the Crusades
17.15 Attila Bárány (Debrecen) – Hungary and the “passagium particulare” after Nicopolis (1396-1437)
18.00 Mark Whelan (London) – A New Frontier for the Teutonic Order? Sigismund of Luxemburg and the Kingdom of Hungary, c.1425-1435

Saturday 7th October

09.00 Zdzisław Pentek (Poznań) – Warum kamen so wenige Kreuzfahrer in das Heilige Land aus Osteuropa?
09.45 Neven Budak (Zagreb) – Crusades in the Kingdom of Hungary, Dalmatia and Croatia – Imaginary, Abused, Failed
10.30 Emir O. Filipović (Sarajevo) – Converting Heretics into Crusaders on the Fringes of Latin Christendom: Shifting Crusading Paradigms in Medieval Bosnia
11.15 Coffee Break

11.30 Nevyan Mitev (Varna) – The Last Crusades on the Balkans from 1443-1444 or the Union between Central and Southeastern Europe against the Ottoman Invasion
12.15 Mihai-D. Grigore (Mainz) – Army Inspection and Crusade. Wallachia and Leo X’s Crusade Plans

13.00 Conference Summary

Source : H-Soz-Kult

Publié dans Conférences

Publication – Comparative Studies on Medieval Europe – Volume 5. 2017

Comparative Studies on Medieval Europe – Volume 5. 2017
Volume 5. 2017
ISSN Online: 2412-3196
ISBN-13 Online: 978-3-7001-8162-0

Accès : ici

978-3-7001-8162-0

Table des matières :

Walter Pohl – Introduction

Lars Boje Mortensen – The Sudden Success of Prose – a Comparative View of Greek, Latin, Old French and Old Norse
Richard W. Burgess – Michael Kulikowski – Could Isidore’s Chronicle Have Delighted Cicero? A Response

Ilya Afanasyev – Nicholas S. M. Matheou – Revisiting Pre-Modern Ethnicity and Nationhood: Preface
Andrea Ruddick – »Becoming English«: Nationality, Terminology, and Changing Sides in the Late Middle Ages
Yannis Stouraitis – Reinventing Roman Ethnicity in High and Late Medieval Byzantium
Claire Weeda – The Characteristics of Bodies and Ethnicity c. 900-1200
James M. Harland – Rethinking Ethnicity and ›Otherness‹ in Early Anglo-Saxon England
Patrick Wadden – Church, Apostle and People in Early Ireland
Mihailo St. Popović – Veronika Polloczek – Digitising Patterns of Power (DPP): Applying Digital Tools in the Analysis of Political and Social Transformations in the Historical Region of Macedonia (12th–14th Centuries)
Matthias Tischler – Patrick Marschner – The Bible in Historical Perception and Writing of the Transcultural Iberian Societies, Eighth to Twelfth Centuries page 195

Source : Medieval Worlds

Publié dans Publications

Bande dessinée – Gengis Khan

Au XIIIe siècle, Gengis Khan et ses hordes de cavaliers mongols ont semé la terreur. De la Chine à l’Europe, en passant par le Moyen-Orient, ils ont mis à genou les plus grandes puissances de l’époque… Mais avant de devenir ce grand conquérant que le monde entier connait, Gengis Khan s’appelait Temüdjin. Né au cœur des arides steppes d’Asie centrale, c’était le fils d’un chef de clan empoisonné par ses ennemis de toujours : les Tatars. Un jeune garçon en exil, condamné à errer avec sa mère et à lutter pour sa survie. Comment, de cette jeunesse difficile, Temüdjin a-t-il finalement réussi à unir les tribus d’un pays déchiré par les guerres intestines et à constituer le plus vaste empire de tous les temps ?

501 GENGIS KHAN[BD].indd

Gengis Khan est entré dans l’Histoire comme l’un des plus redoutables maîtres de guerre que la Terre ait porté. Son nom est synonyme de conquêtes sanglantes et de pouvoir absolu, mais peu connaissent sa véritable histoire. Découvrez l’homme qui se cache derrière la légende…

Informations pratiques :

Gengis Khan, Paris, Glénat – Fayard, 2017 (Ils ont fait l’Histoire). 240 x 320 mm, 56 pages. EAN/ISBN : 9782723497305. Prix : 14.50 €.

Scénariste : Denis-Pierre Filippi
Auteur : Manuel Garcia
Conseiller Historique : Marie Favereau

Source : Glénat

Publié dans Bande dessinée

Podcasts – Medieval History for Fun and Profit

Podcasts : here

Everything you’ve always wanted to know about the middle ages but were afraid to ask!

Two professional medieval historians answer questions from the audience about anything and everything to do with the middle ages. Did they know about other kinds of sex? How long would I really have lived? Who was the best medieval? What were the best swearwords? Listen and find out…

Please send us more questions via Facebook, Twitter or email – we will always try to answer!

Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/medievalfunandprofit
Twitter: @medfunprof
Email: medievalfunandprofit@gmail.com

Hosts:

Dr Alice Rio
Dr Alice Rio works in the History department at King’s College London. She specialises in the earlier middle ages (aka The Dark Ages). She is the author of Legal Practice and the Written Word in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press, 2009) and Slavery After Rome, 500-1100 (Oxford University Press, 2017).

Dr Alice Taylor
Dr Alice Taylor also works in the History department at King’s College London. She specialises in the European central middle ages. She is the author of The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland (Oxford University Press, 2016).

episode+4+artwork

Podcasts :

Episode 1: Sex
“Did they know about other kinds of sex?” Yes, they did! Come with us on a journey of discovery, and find out how to make someone wild with desire for you by kneading bread with your buttocks.

Episode 2: Death
“How long would I really have lived?” Was life really so brutish and short during themiddle ages? How young did most people die, and of what?

Episode 3: Smell
“How badly did it smell, really?” Find out about one of the least savoury aspects of the middle ages. Sensitive souls: you have been warned.

Episode 4: Swearwords
“What were the best swearwords?” Before you get out that Latin slang dictionary, find out what you’re getting into, and the true cost of rudeness in the middle ages…

Episode 5: Extreme Sports
Was battle a bit like modern-day sport?” Find out what it took to be a medieval knight, and how best to show off your skills.

Episode 6: Time Travel
“If I got into a time machine and appeared in contemporary clothes talking the way I talk, would I automatically be burned as a witch?” Not necessarily, though that doesn’t mean you wouldn’t have other things to worry about. Listen to our survival advice and gain peace of mind for your next medieval time-travel adventure.

Episode 7: Childbirth
How did they handle childbirth? Was it really as dangerous as it is perceived to have been?” Find out how medieval people dealt with one of the most common, as well as one of the most dangerous, of life experiences.

Episode 8: Pets
“Did they have pets? Or just animals to munch on?” The truth about cats and dogs – and monkeys and elephants and polar bears…

Source : Medieval History for Fun and Profit

Publié dans Podcast

Publication – Christiane Veyrard-Cosme, « La Vita beati Alcuini (IXe s.). Les inflexions d’un discours de sainteté. Introduction, édition et traduction annotée du texte d’après Reims, BM 1395 (K 784) »

Le clerc anglo-saxon Alcuin d’York (730?-804), conseiller de Charlemagne et figure majeure de la Renaissance carolingienne, fut, une vingtaine d’années après sa mort, le héros d’un texte hagiographique, la Vita beati Alcuini, qui vit en lui un saint homme. De cette Vita, portée par une très riche intertextualité biblique, le présent ouvrage propose, pour la première fois, une édition fondée sur le texte transmis dans son intégralité par le manuscrit Reims, BM 1395 ( K784), ainsi qu’une première traduction, amplement annotée. Texte latin et traduction française sont précédées d’une riche Etude textuelle thématique, en cinq parties respectivement intitulées: « Deux manuscrits pour une Vie: le texte dans son contexte codicologique »; « Pour une nouvelle approche de la Vita Alcuini »; « Une Vie aux multiples enjeux »; « La mise en oeuvre de la figure sainte »; « La place de l’hagiographe ». L’ouvrage entend montrer, à tous ceux qu’intéresse l’univers du Haut moyen Age, l’importance des enjeux historiques, culturels, littéraires et spirituels de cette Vita méconnue d’un homme connu.

dIS-9782851212870-1

Table des matières :

I. – Deux manuscrits pour une Vie : le texte dans son contexte codicologique
A. Un revenant : Reims, BM 1395 (K784)
B. Un recueil connu à redécouvrir : le manuscrit Troyes, BM 1712
C. La Vita beati Alcuini, un texte oublié de la critique

II. – Pour une nouvelle approche de la Vita Alcuini
A. Un récit complexe: qui écrit, et à qui ?
B. Sigulf, abbé… non tant de Ferrières, mais de Tours ?
C. Des preuves d’une rédaction tourangelle?

III. – Une Vie aux multiples enjeux
A. Dire une sainteté moderne
B. L’écriture polyphonique, un enjeu fonctionnel ?
C. L’empreinte bénédictine de la narration hagiographique
D. La rencontre d’Alcuin et de Louis le Pieux, propagande impériale?

IV. – La mise en œuvre de la figure sainte
A. L’art du contrepoint : l’empereur-moine et le clerc-moine
B. La figure du miles Christi
C. Chaînes de sainteté : maître(s) et disciple(s) dans la Vita
D. À l’ombre de la Croix
E. Visions, rêves et mysticisme

V. – La place de l’hagiographe
A. Écrire pour nourrir l’âme: la Vita, un « Contre Virgile » ?
B. Écrire pour convaincre et persuader
C. Un hagiographe et ses lecteurs : une autre vie pour la Vie d’Alcuin

Conclusion
Annexes
Bibliographie
Index scripturaire
Index des personnages et auteurs anciens
Table des matières

Informations pratiques :
Christiane Veyrard-Cosme, La Vita beati Alcuini (IXe s.). Les inflexions d’un discours de sainteté. Introduction, édition et traduction annotée du texte d’après Reims, BM 1395 (K 784), Turnhout, Brepols, 2017 (Collection des Études Augustiniennes : Série Moyen Âge et Temps Modernes, 54). 362 p., 3 b/w ill. + 1 colour ill., 165 x 250 mm. ISBN: 978-2-85121-287-0. Prix : 49,29 euros.

Source : Brepols

Publié dans Publications

Appel à contribution – Collecting Medieval Sculpture

M-Museum Leuven (B) is launching a Call for papers for the 4th annual colloquium ‘Current research in medieval and renaissance sculpture’, which will be held in the Musée du Louvre in Paris (FR) on November 24th  2017.

m-museum

During the colloquium we will be having keynote speakers on the topic and a selection of submitted papers in plenum. One day before, on November 23rd, we will have the opportunity to visit the magnificent collection of medieval sculpture in the Arts décoratifs Muséum in Paris as well as other suggested excursions.

This year we are inviting all researchers and curators working specifically on and with specific sculpture collections or collectors to submit papers. Firstly, we want to take a look at collecting medieval sculpture. How did or do medieval sculpture collections get
formed? How has medieval sculpture been collected in the past (including in the middle ages and renaissance period) and how is this evolving right now?

We know the prices on the art market are slowly rising as medieval sculpture is becoming increasingly more interesting as an investment. Can we take a closer look at what’s happening in that area? In december 2014 the Getty Museum acquired a rare medieval alabaster sculpture of Saint Philip by the Master of the Rimini Altarpiece at Sotheby’s for no less than 542,500 GBP. If a small statuette by an anonymous master can
generate this kind of money at a sale, this must mean the ‘market’ for medieval sculpture is shifting thoroughly.

Moreover, does the exhibition or publication of medieval sculpture influence this trend? It is a fact that the more we know about an art piece or artist, the more interesting it becomes to buy or exhibit them. What are the motifs or instigating factors for museums and private collectors to collect this intrinsiquely religiously inspired and therefore (?) ‘less attractive’ discipline. Links can be drawn to the abolition of churchly instances at the end of the 19th century and the gothic revival in the 19th century, the export of mainland patrimony to the United Kingdom.

Would you like to submit a paper for this conference? Your proposal can be of an art-historical, historical as well as a technical or scientific nature. Multidisciplinarity is encouraged.

Priority will be given to speakers presenting new findings and contributions relevant to the specific conference theme. The conference committee, consisting of sculpture curators from M – Museum Leuven will select papers for the conference. Submissions that are not selected for presentation in plenum, can still be taken into consideration for
(digital) poster presentation.There are no fees, nor retribution of transport and/or lodging costs for the selected papers. After the conference, presentations will be shared online with the Ards-network on the website, so please make sure your pictures are copyright cleared.

How to submit your proposal?
– Write in English or French. Presentations are given in English or
French.
– Include a short CV.
– Max. 500 words for abstracts
(excl. authors name(s) and contact details).
– E-mail to marjan.debaene@leuven.be.
– Deadline: 31.08.17.

Successful applicants will receive a notification by 15.09.17.
For more info, visit www.ards.be

Source : Medieval Art Research

Publié dans Appel à contributions

Offre d’emploi – Chercheur/chercheuse en histoire médiévale (Gallia Pontifica, 24 h/semaine)

L’Institut historique allemand (IHA), centre de recherche de la fondation publique Max Weber – Deutsche Geisteswissenschaftliche Institute im Ausland, recrute pour le 1er janvier 2018 : Un-e chercheur/chercheuse en histoire médiévale (24 h/semaine)

L’Institut historique allemand s’est donné une triple mission »Recherche – Médiation – Qualification«. Il oeuvre dans le champ de l’histoire française, franco-allemande et ouest-européenne – de l’Antiquité tardive à nos jours – et joue un rôle de médiateur entre la France et l’Allemagne. Il s’est récemment enrichi de deux nouveaux axes de recherche: les humanités numériques et l’Afrique subsaharienne.

graphische-Symbole-768x513

Le poste à pourvoir est rattaché au département d’histoire médiévale. Ce poste permet de concevoir, de mener ou d’achever un projet de thèse en histoire sur un sujet laissé au choix du ou de la candidat-e. Outre ses propres activités de recherche, la chercheuse/le chercheur collaborera à l’édition de la Gallia Pontificia à hauteur de 12 heures par semaine. Le ou la candidat-e possédera de solides compétences rédactionnelles et stylistiques, une grande maîtrise de l’allemand et du français, et d’excellentes connaissances du latin.

Profil requis :
– un master en histoire
– une grande maîtrise du français, de l’allemand et d’excellentes connaissances du latin
– des connaissances élémentaires de l’ecdotique
– l’envie de travailler dans un environnement international

Nous proposons :
˗ une collaboration au sein d’une équipe dynamique
˗ une activité variée en plein coeur de Paris
˗ un salaire indexé sur la grille indiciaire de rémunération des contrats de travail français de l’ambassade d’Allemagne en France (»contrats locaux«), à l’indice de salaire H1 si les conditions sont requises (à partir de 2552 euros bruts mensuels, aux termes de la convention relative à la double imposition : l’imposition se fera en Allemagne en cas de nationalité non française)
˗ des prestations complémentaires santé
˗ un CDD limité à 12 mois dans un premier temps, avec option de prolongation de deux années, dans une institution publique, financée par le ministère fédéral de l’Éducation et de la Recherche.

À qualifications égales, priorité sera donnée aux candidat-e-s handicapé-e-s. La fondation Max Weber et l’IHA promeuvent l’égalité professionnelle des hommes et des femmes et s’efforcent d’augmenter le nombre de femmes dans la recherche. Ils invitent donc explicitement les femmes qualifiées à présenter leur candidature. À qualifications égales, priorité sera donnée aux femmes, conformément aux directives fédérales en matière d’égalité entre les sexes.

L’IHA est un employeur soucieux de prendre en compte la vie familiale de ses employé-e-s. Vous trouverez sur notre site Internet des informations sur le service d’aide aux familles de l’institut ainsi qu’un guide sur le congé maternité, les modes de garde des enfants, le congé parental et l’allocation parentale en France et en Allemagne, tenant compte des particularités du lieu de séjour à l’étranger. N’hésitez pas à nous contacter directement. Pour toute question sur la rémunération, la conciliation de la vie familiale et professionnelle ou sur le travail à l’étranger, nous vous invitons à contacter Mme Alexandra Heidle-Chhatwani (aheidle-chhatwani@dhi-paris.fr ou +33 [0]1 44 54 23 81).

Merci d’adresser votre candidature avec les documents usuels (lettre de motivation, CV, photocopies de diplômes, attestations de connaissances linguistiques, coordonnées de deux personnes de référence) ainsi qu’une description du projet de recherche (max. 15 000 signes, espaces comprises) sous forme électronique (dossier complet et réuni dans un unique fichier PDF) au plus tard le 24 septembre 2017 à M. Thomas Maissen, bewerbung@dhi-paris.fr. Sous réserve de modifications, les entretiens se dérouleront le 9 octobre 2017.

Source : Institut historique allemand

Publié dans Offre d'emploi