This volume studies local priests as central players in small communities of early medieval Europe. As clerics living among the laity, priests played a double role within their communities: that of local representatives of the Church and religious experts, and that of owners of land and other goods. By virtue of their membership of both the ecclesiastical and the secular world, they can be considered as ‘men in the middle’: people who brought politico-religious ideas and ideals to secular communities, and who linked the local to the supra-local via networks of landownerhsip.
This book addresses both roles that local priests played by approaching them via their manuscripts, and via the charters that record transactions in which they were involved. Manuscripts once owned by local priests bear witness to their education and expertise, but also indicate how, for instance, ideals of the Carolingian reforms reached the lowest levels of early medieval society. The case-studies of collections of charters, on the other hand, show priests as active members of networks of the locally powerful in a variety of European regions. Notwithstanding many local variations, the contributions to this volume show that local priests as ‘men in the middle’ are a phenomenon shared by the early medieval world as a whole.
Table des matières :
Carine van Rhijn and Steffen Patzold – Introduction
Miriam Czock – Practices of property and the salvation of one’s soul: Priests as men in the middle in the Wissembourg material
Bernhard Zeller – Local priests in early medieval Alamannia: The charter evidence 32
Thomas Kohl – Presbyter in parochia sua: Local priests and their churches in early medieval Bavaria
Charles Mériaux – Ideal and reality: Carolingian priests in northern Francia
Marco Stoffella – Local priests in early medieval rural Tuscany
Wendy Davies – Local priests in northern Iberia
Francesca Tinti – Looking for local priests in Anglo-Saxon England
Yitzhak Hen – Priests and books in the Merovingian period
Carine van Rhijn – Manuscripts for local priests and the Carolingian reforms
Steffen Patzold – Pater noster: Priests and the religious instruction of the laity in the Carolingian populus christianus
Rob Meens – Early medieval priests: Some further thoughts
Informations pratiques :
Steffen Patzold et Carine Van Rhijn (éd.), Men in the Middle Local Priests in Early Medieval Europe, De Gruyter, 2016 (Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde – Ergänzungsbände 93). X + 252 pages. ISBN : 978-3-11-044448-3 Prix : 99,95 euros.
Source : De Gruyter